Mae Jemison (born Oct. 17, 1956)
Jemison is a physician and NASA astronaut known for being the first Black woman to travel to space. She was one of the crew members of the space shuttle Endeavor in 1992. She received her medical degree from Cornell University in 1981. Jemison logged 190 hours, 30 minutes, 23 seconds in space.
Marie Maynard Daly (April 16, 1921 – Oct. 28, 2003)
Daly was the first African-American woman to earn a Ph.D. in chemistry, which was awarded by Columbia University. During her career, she researched the cell nucleus.